Canada, South Africa & Uruguay: For recreational and medicinal purposes.
Cannabis: The Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances (NDPS) Act, 1985, and excise laws in several states restrict people from consuming cannabis or any of its byproducts. It is also illegal to possess cannabis flower and bud and their byproducts.
Punishment: Imprisonment for six months and/or a fine of Rs.10,000. Under NDPS, consuming bhang is not illegal but several states (through excise laws) prohibit the use of cannabis leaves or drinking bhang.
Opium poppy is a flowering plant that produces psychoactive alkaloids like opium, heroin, morphine & codeine.
Poppy: Regulated by the Central Board of Narcotics (CBN), it is grown only in parts of MP, UP & Rajasthan. The two plants are legally grown for pharmaceutical uses. Cannabis is also used in some religious rituals and festivals such as Holi where bhang is consumed.
Last week, the US House of Representatives passed a bill to decriminalise the use of cannabis. This is the first step towards legalising the recreational and medicinal use of cannabis or marijuana in that country. The UN has also passed a resolution removing marijuana from Schedule IV of the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, 1961, where it was listed alongside deadly opioids. India has voted in favour of this resolution. While there is growing consensus on the decriminalisation of marijuana in India, opium, a narcotic derived from poppy, can never be grown in your garden pot.
Mexico: Recreational marijuana (less than 5 gm in possession, but not sale or cultivation).
Cannabis has been in use in India for over 2,000 years. The Sushruta Samhita, an ancient medical treatise, recommends cannabis plant extract for treating respiratory ailments and diarrhoea. In 1798, the British parliament enacted a tax on cannabis byproducts to reduce consumption.
Even as the Central Government is yet to decide on legalizing the cultivation of cannabis, Madhya Pradesh government has decided to allow the farming of hemp in the state.
He added that the cultivated hemp will not be used for consumption or trading, and said the agricultural project will need international help.
In 2017, Uttarakhand had become the first Indian state to allow farmers to cultivate hemp plants. Like Madhya Pradesh in Uttarakhand, the permission is only for industrial purposes. Farmers will have to get a licence by the excise department to grow cannabis.