Different types of weed that have varying effects on the body. Learn about the different types and the effects that they have. Understanding the Different Varieties of Cannabis Seeds Cannabis seeds are to marijuana what grapes are to wine. Each seed gives birth to a marijuana plant, but there are countless varieties with ❤️ Find out with your trusted online Growshop, the different types of weed plants that exist ✅ Can you choose only one of them? ✍
What are the Different Types of Weed?
By The Recovery Village | Editor Gretchen Pruett
Medically Reviewed By Dr. Trisha Sippel, PhD A licensed behavioral health or medical professional on The Recovery Village Editorial Team has analyzed and confirmed every statistic, study and medical claim on this page. | Last Updated: August 17, 2022
Weed is all derived from the plant, Cannabis, but the different species can have very different effects on people.
There are several different types of weed, or marijuana. Marijuana refers to the dried seeds, stems, leaves or flowers of the plant Cannabis. The specific type of weed is defined by the way the plant is prepared and what kind of Cannabis plant it is.
The main active ingredient in weed is the chemical Δ-9-tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC. THC has psychoactive effects, meaning that it can alter mood, alertness, cognizance and cognitive functioning. Cannabidiol or CBD is also a large component of weed plants and has relaxation effects but does not have the psychoactive effects of THC. CBD is also thought to relieve pain.
Different Kinds of Weed Have Different Effects
The strongest types of weed tend to have a higher ratio of THC to CBD, meaning there is a lot of THC but not much CBD. When the ratios are more even, CBD can counteract the effects of THC. Therefore, the level of both chemicals in a strain of weed determines what effect it has on a person.
What types of weed are there? There are two major types of weed, which are determined by the species of Cannabis plant they are derived from. While weed originally came from these two strains, there are now hundreds of other hybrid strains that are a mix of the two.
Article at a Glance:
- Indica and sativa are the main types of weed that come from the cannabis plant.
- Indica is known for its relaxing effects, while sativa has energizing effects.
- Popular strains of weed include Sour Diesel, Purple Kush and Blue Dream.
- Hybrid strains of weed can provide both relaxing and energizing effects.
- Although marijuana has been approved for some medicinal uses, it can also have dangerous side effects.
Major Types of Weed and Effects
The two major types of weed come from two different species of the Cannabis plant: Cannabis indica and Cannabis sativa. The different types of weed vary based on both the type of weed plant they come from and also in the effects they have on a person or the type of high that they give.
Recently, a third strain, Cannabis ruderalis, has also been used to make weed. It has lower levels of THC and is primarily used for medicinal marijuana. Additionally, hybrid strains have been made that are a mix of the two major species.
People who use marijuana will generally choose to use a type of weed based on the effect they want to have. While each type is known for its different effect, one person’s experience may vary greatly from another’s. The route of administration (i.e. smoking or eating) can also greatly influence the effect the type of weed will have.
While every person’s experience is different, there are some general effects associated with each strain:
Cannabis indica originated in the Hindu “Kush” region, near Afghanistan. Because it comes from a cold, mountainous climate, it tends to be shorter and have the appearance of a bush. The leaves are darker, fuller and rounder than the sativa plant. The buds tend to grow in clumps.
C. indica produces large amounts of THC and low levels of CBD and, therefore, it is considered a strong weed. It tends to be very relaxing or sedating, sometimes making people who consume it want to just hang out on the couch. For this reason, it is commonly used at night before going to bed. It creates more of a “body high” due to its relaxing effects.
Because of its sedative effects, indica is often used by people who experience insomnia. A recent study showed that more people found relief from insomnia and pain when using the indica strain, compared to sativa. This effect may be a result of the higher levels of THC.
Cannabis sativa originates from warmer climates, such as Mexico and South Africa, and tends to grow very tall with long, thin leaves. It will flower under certain light conditions, which requires darkness for more than 11 hours a day.
C. sativa has lower levels of THC compared to indica, and higher levels of CBD, giving it more equal levels of both chemicals. The sativa strains have energizing effects, and people often consume weed from these strains in the morning or afternoon. Some people claim that the strain allows them to focus more and be more creative. C. sativa is also described as giving a cognitive or “head high” versus the body high that is felt with indica.
Due to its mood lifting and energizing effects, sativa tends to be used by people who have depression or exhaustion. It has also been described to relieve some of the symptoms of ADHD and other mood disorders.
Hybrid strains are made by cross germinating the seeds of the two common strains of Cannabis in an attempt to produce effects of both. Most strains commonly grown today are hybrids rather than pure indica or sativa.
The hybrids are usually described based on the dominating effect they have. For example, a sativa-dominant strain will be more likely to provide energizing effects and a head high.
Cannabis ruderalis is another species that was first discovered in southern Russia. C. ruderalis grows shorter than the other two species of weed and has thin, fibrous stems with large leaves. It is also an autoflowering plant, meaning that it will flower depending on the age of the plant rather than the light conditions.
C. ruderalis has very low levels of THC compared to the other weed strains, making it rarely used for recreational purposes. It is more commonly used in medicinal marijuana.
Common Types of Weed Strains and Effects
There are certain types of weed strains that are more common than others and some that are coveted for their extraordinary effects. With the ability to make hybrids that blend the effects of both indica and sativa strains, there are now “designer strains” of weed that are bred for maximum quality.
New types of weed sometimes have interesting names, which are usually based on their effects, origin, or the way they appear or smell. Some examples include: Purple Urkle, Willy’s Wonder, Permafrost, Pineapple Express, Strawberry Cough and Island Sweet Skunk.
he following are some of the most common or coveted types of weed strains and the effects they are known to have:
Sour Diesel is a type of hybrid strain that mostly has the highly energizing effects of sativa, but also has some of the physical relaxation properties of indica. It is very potent in THC. The high usually results in a head rush.
It is named for the gasoline-like chemical smell that its flowers make. The medium-sized buds have yellowish-green leaves. It tends to have a sour or skunky taste that some people find unpleasant.
Sour Diesel tends to be used by people who have mild stress, anxiety or depression. It has also been reported to relieve body aches and pains. Some people use it to increase their appetite when they are experiencing a reduced desire to eat. In some people, the high from sour diesel can be overwhelming and lead to feelings of paranoia. This is most likely due to its high THC content.
Purple Kush is a pure indica strain that has a full and relaxing body high. It has a high THC composition.
The name “Purple Kush” comes from the color of its purple leaves and the fact that one of the strains it is derived from originated in the Kush region near Afghanistan. It is one of the most popular Kush strains used.
Because of its ability to induce physical relaxation, it is commonly used by people who have chronic pain, depression or anxiety. It is also used by people who want to relieve situational or temporary pain.
Blue dream is another hybrid strain of weed that is slightly sativa-dominant. It gives an energetic cerebral high that can increase motivation and heighten focus. Some people describe it as having relaxing and pain-relieving effects.
Its name comes from the fact that the origin of the strain is unknown, making it like a dream. It has a sweet taste that some describe as similar to blueberries and sugar.
People who have chronic fatigue, depression or a lack of appetite have described blue dream as having therapeutic effects that improve these conditions. People have also described it as relieving chronic pain and migraines.
Key Points: Types of Weed
Not all weed is the same. Here are some general points related to the many different kinds of weed:
- There are two main strains of weed: indica and sativa
- C. indica strains are relaxing and provide a body high
- C. sativa strains tend to be energizing and provide a cognitive high
- There are many variations of hybrid strains that combine aspects of both
Though some strains of marijuana have been described to have therapeutic effects and have been approved for medicinal use, the use of marijuana can result in dangerous side effects. Marijuana can be addictive.
If you or a loved one are struggling with a substance use disorder, The Recovery Village can help. To learn more about our comprehensive treatment plans, call The Recovery Village to speak with a representative.
Understanding the Different Varieties of Cannabis Seeds
Cannabis seeds are to marijuana what grapes are to wine. Each seed gives birth to a marijuana plant, but there are countless varieties with their own distinct differences. There are hundreds, if not thousands of different marijuana strains today with more popping up on a constant basis.
Exploring the Different Types of Cannabis Seeds
Each different cannabis seed will produce a uniquely different plant. Each strain has its own flavor profile, aroma, resin content, cannabinoid and terpene balance. Where the plants are grown, how they are harvested, processed and a variety of other factors decide how the bud will turn out.
Comparing marijuana strains to wine is a great way to better understand the small yet important differences.
Indica and sativa are two major differentiating factors among cannabis plants; these parallel the red and white wine varieties.
The specific genome of grape decides the type of wine produced; Merlot, Shiraz and Pinot noir are a few different types. But these types differ from vineyard to vineyard, year to year and even bottle to bottle. Marijuana is very similar in this respect, each strain, each grower, and each grow will yield a slightly different result.
We aren’t going to list all the different cannabis strains, but we will explain a few of the different types of cannabis seeds. From the regular old marijuana seeds that your parents grew, to the newer feminized and autoflower varieties that have become massively popular.
Autoflower Cannabis Seeds
Cannabis ruderalis , commonly known as autoflower, is one of the most popular types of cannabis used by home growers. Autoflower plants do not require a different light cycle in order to flower, meaning you can plant them virtually anywhere and harvest 7-10 weeks later.
Autoflower cannabis strains generally yield less than regular marijuana seeds, THC content is usually lower as well. However, the CBD content in autoflower strains is quite high, making them a perfect option for medical users.
Originating in Russia, cannabis ruderalis was first discovered in 1942 in southern Siberia. Breeders often mix cannabis ruderalis genetics with more potent indica and sativa strains, resulting in an easy to grow plant with a higher than usual THC and CBD level.
We recently had a chat with the folks over at Crop King Seeds and they told us their autoflower strains have quickly become one of their most popular sellers. With more and more baby boomers looking for alternative remedies for arthritis, chronic pain and depression, these easy to grow varieties are a perfect match for inexperienced and well-seasoned gardeners alike.
Feminized Cannabis Seeds
Marijuana plants can be either male, female or hermaphroditic. If you are growing cannabis to consume, and you aren’t a breeder, then you will want to make sure all of your plants are female. Male and hermaphrodite plants will pollinate the budding female plants and cause them to grow seeds instead of pouring their energy into growing lush, resinous buds.
It only takes 1 male to pollinate an entire crop of female plants, essentially ruining your yield. If you notice a male or hermaphrodite plant in your crop, it is important to remove it and isolate it from the rest immediately.
Feminized seeds will result in a female cannabis plant about 90% of the time, the outliers will be hermaphrodites. Regular seeds will have a 50/50 ratio male to female, making feminized seeds much more desirable to most growers.
Feminized cannabis seeds are created by breeding two female plants. Both the ‘eggs’ and pollen come from genetically female plants. This can be done a couple of different ways.
How Feminized Seeds Are Made
The natural way to create feminized seeds is to allow one female cannabis plant to stay in the flowering stage a couple of weeks beyond normal. The plant will begin to create pollen in a last ditch effort to produce at least a few seeds and reproduce.
Another way to make feminized seeds is to spray a colloidal silver solution on a female cannabis plant everyday for about 2 weeks right when it enters the flowering stage. This forces the plant to develop male pollen sacs.
There are also methods that intentionally stress out a female plant until it begins developing pollen sacs. These tactics are best left to the experts though as they are less reliable and harder to do.
Regular Marijuana Seeds
These are the seeds that most people know and love. Regular seeds require a bit more attention during their growth cycle, ensuring the light cycle changes to enter the flowering stage. They are also unpredictable when it comes to sex, expect a split between male and female plants, depending on how lucky you are.
High Times did a comparison between AK-47 seeds, testing the regular seeds vs the feminized seeds. Regular seeds resulted in a slightly taller plant, 34” to 40”, where the feminized plants were slightly shorter, 25”-34”. Despite the size difference the feminized seeds actually yielded more bud, about 12 grams more per plant on average.
There is still much debate as to whether or not regular seeds provide a more consistent genetic make-up. Some growers prefer to use regular seeds and cull the males, while other growers prefer the feminized seeds.
This is the first, and arguably the most important part of growing a cannabis plant. It is so important because it is easy to mess up and you will end up with useless seeds that won’t grow.
Using this ‘two-plate germinating process’ you can optimize your chances of a successful cannabis seed germination.
How to Germinate Cannabis Seeds
- Take one large dinner plate and lay down a layer of moist (but not soaking) paper towel.
- Place your cannabis seeds on the paper towel, giving them plenty of space between one and other.
- Lay a couple more layers of damp (still not soaking) paper towel on top of the seeds.
- Place another dinner plate (upside down) on top. This will create a clam-shell, shielding the seeds from light. Be sure there is plenty of space between the plates so the seeds can get plenty of oxygen.
- If you are germinating the seeds in a dark room, you can omit the second plate.
- Place the seeds in a warm room (around 21° C), be sure they are far away from any direct sunlight.
- Check the seeds everyday to ensure the paper towel doesn’t dry out. If it gets dry, simply mist it with water from a spray bottle. Again, be sure not to over-water the seeds because they will drown.
- The cannabis seeds should crack and start showing a root within about 3-days, but it could take as long as 2-weeks.
- Once the roots are a few millimeters long, it’s time to transfer them to a pot filled with soil.
- Make a small hole for the seedling to sit, you want the seed to sit a few millimeters under the soil. Place the seed down root first.
- Expect the seedling to pop through the soil after one to three days.
Once you decide which type of seed fits your preferred growing style, you can browse the massive catalogue of strains offered by the world’s top cannabis seed providers.
There are advantages and disadvantages to each style of seed, but for beginners we suggest opting for a feminized autoflower variety. This eliminates the need to be a pro in identifying the male plants that can ruin an entire crop and simplifies the growing process. Once you feel confident with your ability to grow and identify cannabis plants, branch out and experiment with different seeds and / or cloning techniques.
Types of weed plants
Welcome to PEV Grow! In case you don’t know it yet, here you will find a catalogue composed by more than 3000 different types of marijuana seeds, because we want that all marijuana fans of the world, have what they are looking for with a simple click. Read more
To choose the type of marijuana seed that best suits your preferences, you need to know that there are different types of weed plants and what their main characteristics are, shall we go with it?
Different types of marijuana seeds
Marijuana seed are classified into 3 main categories:
– Regular marijuana seeds:
The seeds of regular marijuana, are the natural state in which marijuana plants grow in the nature, without any type of genetic intervention. The seeds of regular marijuana, usually are used as mother plants for the hybridization and creation of new varieties.
– Feminized marijuana seeds:
Feminized seeds are the most suitable for growing seasonal marijuana, you are guaranteed to grow female plants and if you have time to wait between 6-8 months you will harvest the most productive plants and normally with a higher concentration of terpenes and cannabinoids.
The best-selling seeds in our catalogue!
– Auto-flowering marijuana seeds:
The seeds of autoflowering marijuana are born of the crossing between plants of marijuana of season and a variety of cannabis known as Ruderalis, that grows naturally in the Siberian steppe. They have a small size and a period of bloom really short. Auto-flowering plants, have a high cold-resistance and, as its name suggests, they do not rely on the photo-period to complete their cultivation cycle.
Now that you know the 3 great types of marijuana seeds that there are, I am going to introduce you the different families of marijuana seeds that you can find in our Online Growshop.
Hybrid cannabis varieties are the most popular at present, noted for having a balanced phenotype ranging from (80% indica / 20% sativa) and (20% indica and 80% sativa). If you want to grow plants with the best of both phenotypes, these are your seeds.
One of the most beloved types of weed plants, for its magnificent sweet taste and its incredible beauty, which acquires blue tones worthy of the best Vincent van Gogh’s painting.
When purple marijuana seeds are developed, they are a visual spectacle, They stand out for its delicious flavor to wild and sweet berries, with an excellent productive capacity and that, submitted to low temperatures, it acquires a beautiful purple tonality. The greatest sample of its greatness is the all-powerful Blueberry, one of the genetics that must be cultivated at least once in a lifetime.
Easy to grow marijuana
When someone begins to cultivate marijuana, needs to know that the problems are minimal, for this reason we have created a category in which you will be able to find marijuana seeds easier to grow. You will know the most resistant plants to plagues, humidity and that better resist overfertilization. Whether you’re a first-time grower just starting out or just someone looking for an easy harvest without too much work, these strains may interest you.
Very potent marijuana
For the lovers of high altitude experiencies, we have selected for you the most powerful plants of marijuana of the world, so that you can enjoy an anthological high. These plants of cannabis with high THC, are not suitable for any smoker since they are capable of knocking down the most expert and tanned in battle. Do you dare to cultivate strains with a level of THC close to 30%?
More productive marijuana
If what you are looking for is a crop that gives you a very strong harvest, you must know this type of seeds. Have you ever imagined harvesting a plant of 3 kilograms? Or an auto plant of more than 250 grams? Well, trust me, it is possible if you choose the right genetics.
Types of Marijuana Seeds: Sativas Auto
The marijuana Sativas Autoflowering varieties have a relatively short history, since in its beginnings the automatic versions of season varieties, were all Indicas, mainly by its fast flowering. Currently with autoflowering versions up to 5 º generation, have managed to stabilize Sativas autos varieties, with the usual levels of THC by the clouds and excellent productivity, and best of all, finish their growing cycle in less than 3 months.
Types of Marijuana Seeds: Faster Marijuana
If you are looking for a short flowering, in this category you will find the fastest marijuana seeds on the market. These plants are perfect for growers who live in areas where the summer is shorter and need to collect as soon as possible, or for those who simply prefer to enjoy their weed as soon as possible. Whatever the reason is, here you have the fastest seeds of the Cannabis scene.
Types of marijuana seeds: Auto XXL
Who said autoflowering varieties weren’t productive? After many years of work and selection, it has been possible to isolate the most productive and vigorous specimens and combine them with each other, creating very productive and good-sized autoflowering varieties known as Auto XXL. Here you can find the best selection of XXL autoflowering seeds and enjoy lots of buds in 10-11 weeks.
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