The beginning of a cannabis clone. (David Downs for Leafly)
After roots develop, it is then transplanted into a pot or the ground, and it will grow like any weed plant.
Another method growers employ is to take cuttings off a set of mother plants before they flower, then flip the mothers into the flowering stage. The next generation of clones is grown, and when those get big enough, cuttings will be taken from those before getting flipped into flower. Because clones are genetically identical, each generation will be an exact copy of the first-generation mother and all subsequent mothers.
Transplanting your weed clones
Powdery mildew (PM) is a very common disease found on clones, and mold spores can transfer to other plants. Keep an eye out for white powder on stems and leaves.
Mother plants always stay in the vegetative stage as clones are clipped off. It’s important to not take cuttings off a flowering weed plant—this can cause the clone to turn into a hermaphrodite and may also damage the flowering plant.
Why clone cannabis plants?
Most clones will be ready to transplant into soil in 10-14 days, but some root out quicker, and some longer. You’ll know they’re ready when the white roots are an inch or two in length.
To take a cutting:
5. Close the greenhouse properly and don’t forget to open it and spray the marijuana plants with water once a day.
Marijuana or Cannabis Sativa is a perfect species for asexual propagation (i.e. propagation via cuttings). To clone your favourite cannabis plant you need the following basic material:
1. Cut the cuttings from the mother plant, preferably using only the apical tips, and cut the lower leaves and the tips of the upper shoot to prevent it from dehydration. Then place them in a container with tap water.
How to make cannabis cuttings
Clone showing the first roots
Clones develop nicely in all types of substrate (Picture: Brett Levin)
6. After 3-4 days continue to open and spray the plants every day, but this time leaving the greenhouse’s vents open.
4. Place the cuttings in the greenhouse and spray them with water. Once covered, place them under a fluorescent light with a 18/6 photoperiod.
Once you’ve found a strain that you really love, see if you can find a local grower and ask if you can take some cuttings from their mother plant. Most growers are happy to sell you cuttings, or will even let you take a few in exchange for delicious baked goods.
Cannabinoids (e.g., THC and CBD) are the chemical compounds secreted by cannabis flowers that provide relief to an array of symptoms including pain, nausea, anxiety, and inflammation. These work their medicinal magic by imitating compounds our bodies naturally produce, called endocannabinoids, which activate to maintain internal stability and health. To put a complex system simply, they mediate communication between cells, and when there is a deficiency or problem with our endocannabinoid system, unpleasant symptoms and physical complications occur. When cannabis is consumed, cannabinoids bind to receptor sites throughout our brain (receptors called CB-1) and body (CB-2). Different cannabinoids have different effects depending on which receptors they bind to. For example, THC binds to receptors in the brain whereas CBN (cannabinol) has a strong affinity for CB-2 receptors located throughout the body. Depending on a cannabis product’s cannabinoid profile, different types of relief are achievable.
Basically, I do my best to let it know my intention, so it has the opportunity to withdraw its energy from the branch I’m about to cut. Think of it like being warned before a medical procedure: it’ll hurt less if you know what’s coming, because you have the chance to brace yourself for it.
This is true for just about any plant, actually, and is why we recommend growing local species whenever possible. The exception to this is if you’re growing indoors, or in a greenhouse, since you can control the environment very carefully.
Why is Cannabis Such an Effective Medicine?
Keep the growing medium moist while waiting for roots to develop, but don’t overwater unless you want the stems to rot. The best approach is to put some purified water (e.g. through a Brita filter) into a spray bottle, and mist the plants daily.
As such, it’s best to move them into a large container so you don’t have to keep potting them up as they grow.
Cannabis contains over 85 types of cannabinoids, depending on the strain and cultivar. As you can imagine, this allows these magical plants to help with conditions ranging from pain and mood disorders to neurological conditions, autoimmune diseases, autism, gastrointestinal disorders, sleep disorders, and female reproductive issues such as PCOS, PMS, and endometriosis.
Tips for Taking Cuttings:
Photo credit: Unsplash
Your best bet is to take a cutting from a wonderfully healthy mother plant that’s thriving in your neighbourhood.