The first step is to cut off the big water leaves, otherwise known as the fan leaves. They have minimal THC in them and are generally removed. You’ll notice a visible difference between the long, green fan leaves and the smaller sugar leaves. The latter is covered in resinous glands (trichomes).
Like most living things, cannabis plants need their “rest time.” If light from a surrounding source is seeping in during dark hours, the (bud-producing) females could get confused and develop hermaphroditic characteristics.
Nikola Tesla invented the process of generating heat from magnetic induction in the 19th century. These types of lamps produce bright light with little heat compared to HID setups.
Step 10: Cut Your Cannabis Plants Down — Carefully!
You don’t need a particularly large growing/cultivating space. A typical grow room for a small-scale grower is a small tent, cabinet, or designated area in a spare room, even an unused corner of the house is sufficient! Here are a few helpful tips to get started.
[The information in this article has under no circumstances been created for – or is intended to be used for – illegal purposes. Growing/cultivating cannabis is illegal in many U.S. states. We, therefore, advise that all readers become familiar with current laws and regulations in their region before they learn how to grow cannabis indoors].
3 – Keep Your Grow Space as “Light-Sealed” as Possible
You must also operate within the boundaries of the law before getting started. Growing marijuana remains illegal in many U.S. states. Make sure home cultivation is allowed where you live before proceeding. Assuming you are legally able to continue, keep reading our detailed guide to growing cannabis indoors.
We also recommend investing in a pH meter to check on the quality of your water and soil regularly. If you’re growing in soil, try to keep the pH between 6 and 7, with the sweet spot being 6.2-6.5. If you’re growing hydroponically, 5.5 to 6.5 is an appropriate range with the sweet spot of 5.8-6.0.
You might also need to adjust the pH since this is vitally important to your plant’s overall health. Cannabis plants like a pH of 5.8 to 6.2, so investing in an inexpensive pH solution and a testing kit is important for keeping your plants happy.
While it’s totally possible to grow a cannabis plant in your living room without supplemental lighting, adding even just one grow light can improve growing success. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps
What about frequency? If you’re growing in soil, stick your finger in to about your first knuckle. If it feels moist, you don’t need to water yet. Wait until it’s dry to the touch. Other grow mediums like coco coir are a little trickier as far as frequency and effort. Coco requires what is called “fertigation,” which is fertilizing plus irrigation. Since coco doesn’t hold on to nutrients the way soil or hydroponic solution does, you need to feed your plant every time you water. You will be watering frequently with coco, even when it’s still wet.
Last, while you can buy feminized seeds (seeds that should not develop into male plants), there is always a chance that you get a stray male or two in the mix. This means you will have to learn how to identify male and female plants.
Hydroponic plants have a water supply they use at will, but take a peek every now and again to check for mold or a greying root structure, which could signal that it’s time to dump your reservoir, clean your pot, and give a fresh supply of water and nutrients.
The easiest option is starting with a clone, a cannabis seedling that has been cut from a more mature female plant. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps
What about seeds? While they take more time and work than clones, seeds have some great advantages. Chances are you’ll have a lot more choice when shopping for seed versus live clones. There are many seed retailers out there, most of which sell online and can ship right to your door. Each of these seed retailers will probably carry a much wider variety of genetics than a dispensary offers.
Remember, too, that supplemental grow lights can increase the ambient temperature around your plants. This is especially important in an enclosed space like a grow tent that doesn’t get much airflow. In these cases, you might need an exhaust fan.
You’ll need to take special care of your germinated seed, since this is a sensitive time in the plant’s development. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps