Depending on which of the above you choose for your commercial grow room setup the cost per square foot of your facility can vary. Taking into account equipment, rent, and construction, the startup costs for cannabis grow rooms can range from $130-$250 per square foot. These prices can also fluctuate depending on where you decide to grow and how much of the facility you put together yourself.
When looking to create and maintain the ideal environment for your cannabis plants, HVAC systems are a must. Not only do you want to look for a system that can regulate your grow room temperature, you’ll want a system that can regulate and remove humidity from the atmosphere so that your plant does not pull the moisture from the air into its leaves instead of the roots.
Control systems will bring consistency to your crops, and prevent unnecessary downtime, by applying set environmental parameters and alerting you of any system malfunctions. While not an essential piece of grow room equipment, a control system will allow you to save time and money monitoring and tending to your crop by automating the entire process. This is extremely helpful for cannabis cultivators who, again rely on their crop’s success to maintain their operations and provide consistent results.
Growers have the option of DIYing their grow room, or investing in a turnkey facility. By opting to source your equipment in a DIY manner, you will be able to save money with your startup costs, however this method can be less reliable and will have a longer construction process. When choosing to start your grow room with a turnkey facility you will be able to begin the growing process much quicker with fully-integrated systems and quality equipment. Not to mention that distributors and advisors can get you the best prices on your equipment. Either option provides unique benefits and drawbacks which can be mitigated by working with a trusted cannabis partner like GroAdvisor.
Commercial Grow Room Setup – Control Systems
Because they are such an investment, you should consult experts in the field and talk to other local growers to get ahead of pitfalls and challenges.
Getting your commercial grow room setup right is essential. Commercial grow rooms should be set up to provide a clean space for cannabis to grow without interference from unpredictable weather and pests. Other benefits of a commercial grow room include higher yields and quality due to the ability to control every aspect of the environment.
If you’re a sole proprietor, small group, or have little to no experience with grow room design, hiring an advisor is a must. Setting up a commercial grow room is no small feat, the more experienced help you can get the better. When looking for a grow room design firm, you must do your research, and select a partner that has your CAPEX and OPEX in mind before you begin design.
Commercial Grow Room Setup – Lighting
Keeping the air inside your grow room clean is an oft-overlooked aspect of indoor growing. Especially when growing in a traditional soil medium, with HVAC units running constantly kicking up dust and particulate matter into the air, air filtration is essential to provide your plants with a clean and safe environment. Air filtration systems for commercial agriculture are fairly similar, however cannabis cultivators especially would benefit from the use of an odor eliminating filtration system. These systems use an additional activated carbon filter to adsorb the smell of your plants and other cultivation materials like fertilizer and nutrients.
Highly recommended for your commercial grow room, a fertigation system will be an added benefit by delivering accurate nutrients and cutting back on labor. Fertigation is especially helpful for cannabis growers because of the consistency you can provide across harvests. You will also have the ability to monitor the pH level of your water and soil to ensure your plants absorb the proper nutrients.
We use high-grade, non-corrosive components suitable for high-humidity growing conditions and offer a range of non-flaking, mold-resistant wall finishes to minimize the risk of crop contamination.
Our freestanding cannabis grow rooms are revolutionary because they give you the flexibility to quickly respond to the rising demand for cannabis products, or evolving regulations. When you can react quickly to market fluctuations, your commercial cannabis operation has a competitive advantage.
Scaling Up Your Grow Room
This time-lapse installation video for a modular grow room enclosure provides a vivid example of just how much quicker and cleaner modular in-plant enclosure construction is vs. conventional. Learn more about our cannabis grow rooms today by contacting our team or submitting a commercial cannabis grow room price quote request.
Grow Room Information
All electrical materials supplied by Starrco are UL listed and meet NEC requirements.
At Mintropy, our engineers will consider the following for your craft grow facility design:
In the past, 1,000 tons of refrigeration capacity was needed for 80,000 to 10,000 square foot facilities such as a data center, hospital, or school. A grow room requires similar, but they are dramatically different. A grow room has a much higher latent load (moisture/dehumidification load). The humidity in the grow space must undergo more cooling to effectively condense the humidity off the cooling coil. A much colder chilled water temperature is needed. When growing cannabis, the lights-out mode means that growers must dry the air and then reheat it, so the grow room does not start to over-cool. The reheat can use free energy obtained from the dehumidification process when the right HVAC system is used. Having an experienced company, such as Mintropy, handle such key specifics is necessary for the success of any commercial cannabis grow facility.
A craft grower is a facility that is licensed by the Department of Agriculture to cultivate, dry, cure, and package hemp or marijuana. They each have their own commercial marijuana grow room design plans but for licensing as a craft grow, they must contain at least 5,000 square feet of canopy space for the cannabis plants during the flowering stage of their life cycle. The Department of Agriculture can authorize either an increase or decrease of space for the flowering cultivation stage which occurs in increments of 3,000 square feet depending on the market need, the craft grow house design capacity, and the history of the licensee’s compliance or noncompliant issues. The maximum set forth is 14,000 square feet for cultivation when the plants enter their flowering stage. However, the commercial grow room design plan laid forth by the USDA encompasses all the growth stages of the cannabis plant which drives home the importance of them being secured and enclosed in an indoor cultivation facility design.
HVAC of the Cannabis Grow Facility Design
Within the confines of the indoor grow facility, air circulation keeps the plant’s canopy slightly swaying because of the artificial breeze. The upper flowers in a vertical grow are then prevented from getting excessively hot. Clearly, the environmental controls are of paramount importance or cannabis crop loss can occur and pests from clones can easily enter the facility if things are not kept at consistent levels. Engineering and installation are one of the biggest investments (if not the biggest) of any commercial grow room design plan. You cannot cut corners, or the financial losses quickly become insurmountable.
The crucial component of any commercial grow op setup remains the HVAC systems used. The HVAC company will gather the needed information from the cultivation consultant and engineer so they can focus on the necessary electrical use, Co2 requirements, air circulation, purification, and moisture quantity that is forecast to be generated at the site. They will then work to create the ideal environmental settings needed for all the various stages of the marijuana or hemp growth cycles to effectively control the conditions of the indoor grow facility.
The cornerstone to creating any commercial grow facility, such as those needed in cannabis cultivation, requires a well-thought-out layout and optimum mechanical systems. As an example, with an indoor cultivation facility design the mistake of under-sizing the environmental controls are an all too common occurrence. The cultivation facility design must feature an HVAC system with redundancy and a backup power source. In addition, they should be cleanable outside of the grow rooms and be easy to repair. The units remove massive amounts of moisture caused by the abundant cannabis plant growth, so it is imperative that they have properly sized units to meet the needs of the grow room’s space.
The Commercial Cannabis Craft Grow Industry
Any engineer used to create a craft grow facility should have experience with indoor plant cultivation facilities. The design of the commercial grow room will feature the necessary environmental controls, plumbing, and electrical requirements, backup power system, and typically HVAC redundancy. To achieve all of this, most will hire various engineering firms that specialize in the key areas to make the commercial grow room a success.
The commercial cannabis industry is constantly changing and evolving. Without a doubt, the one crucial component of any commercial grow op setup remains the HVAC system. Standard commercial HVAC companies often lack the experience needed to provide the correct environmental conditions required by a craft grow facility.