Understand how CBD THC ratios work and how to correctly dose. Learn more about what weed works best for you with this informative Q&A with Fairwinds! Trying to determine the potency of your infusions? We’ll show you how to calculate accurate flower-to-oil ratios for your homemade edibles. Selecting quality cannabis products takes some time and careful consideration. Knowing what is in the products you choose is important.
Understanding CBD Ratios and Dosing Q&A with Fairwinds
Chances are you know about the cannabinoid CBD and that all of our CBD products are sourced from cannabis as opposed to hemp. This means all of our CBD products contain THC in varying amounts- even if it is miniscule. At Dockside you may have seen some product descriptions or titles that contain ratios like 1:1, 10:1 or 20:1. Confused? You’re not alone. We get a lot of questions about dosing and the difference between various ratios.
Understanding that these ratios stand for CBD to THC (or CBD:THC) is the first step. A 5:1 ratio for example doesn’t necessarily mean that there are 5 mg of CBD and 1 mg of THC per serving, but that for every 5 parts CBD proportionally there is 1 part THC. For example,that could mean one serving gives you 40mg CBD:8mg THC. It all depends on the total cannabinoids in the bottle, divided by the number of servings. All cannabis companies in WA are required to list this information. Now to find a tincture that’s right for you.
Since a lot of the questions we receive are about Fairwinds’ broad offering of tinctures and capsules, we interviewed Randi from their team in order to clear up confusion about CBD ratios, correct dosing, and which tinctures are best to find relief while keeping a clear head. Here’s what we learned:
How do I figure out the correct ratio of CBD to THC?
“Since everyone’s endocannabinoid system is unique, there’s no real “correct” ratio that’s consistent for everyone, and no guaranteed method to determine the best ratio for your specific needs. As with so many things cannabis-related, figuring out your best ratio will often require some research and experimentation. If you’re concerned about intoxicating effects, it is often best to start with a ratio rich in CBD and take smaller servings. You can always increase serving size or try a different ratio if you’re not getting the effects you desire!
As a reminder, it often requires a serving size of at least 2-3mg THC for most people to feel any sort of intoxication. While this amount will differ from person to person, this is a pretty good rule of thumb to go by.”
Will I eventually build up a tolerance?
“Consumers of any type of cannabinoid are likely to develop a level of tolerance (just like with any other medication or supplement). If building up a high tolerance is a concern, taking short breaks can help act as a reset button!
Additionally, Fairwinds uses adaptogenic herbs in some of our product formulations. Adaptogens help our bodies maintain homeostasis and balance to cope with things like stress, and they actually become more effective the more often you use them. This is why products like the PTSfree capsules work so well for those who take them on a regular basis.”
What makes the two Fairwinds’ Spectrum tinctures different aside from their “AM” and “PM” formula labels?
“One of the things that makes Fairwinds unique is our inclusion of other herbal extracts and essential oils – it’s why we have such a wide variety of tinctures and capsules instead of just a few different ratios.
Spectrum AM and PM tinctures are similar in their targeted effects, but the ingredients differ a bit as one is designed for daytime use, and the other for end of day rest. Our AM tincture is formulated using white grapefruit essential oil and huperzia herbal extract – popular for its mood enhancing and focus-boosting properties. The PM tincture contains sweet orange essential oil, which has been shown to help with calmness and relaxation. Both are made with lemon, rosemary, and peppermint essential oils as well as herbal extracts of boswellia, ginger, and turmeric! We use slightly different terpenes in each formula as well.
We use only clinically-proven ingredients in our products. We carefully select each and every ingredient, so you can always rest assured that our products are reliable and consistent every time.”
What CBD ratio can I take and get work done without getting high?
“Our entire Ratio Series is designed to be functional for everyone who uses it; however, as each person has their own unique system and tolerance, we would recommend starting with the 20:1 or 10:1 ratios for those who may be concerned about a potential impact on their clear-headedness.”
Is there a reason I would take a 20:1 tincture vs a 1:1?
“Each person will have individual needs and different desired effects when using CBD and THC in tandem. The ratio you select will be dependent on multiple factors, including your own experience with and tolerance of cannabis. A 20:1 ratio may be preferable for someone with limited cannabis experience, someone who wants to ensure they don’t feel any intoxication, and/or a person looking to maximize their CBD intake.
On the other hand, a 1:1 ratio may be more useful for someone more familiar with THC consumption or an individual interested in boosting the entourage effect (this effect stems from the fact that cannabinoids are more useful when consumed in tandem as opposed to isolated compounds.) While the entourage effect is certainly a part of all Fairwinds’ Ratio Series products, it is likely to be heightened with the 1:1 or 5:1 tinctures, vapes, or capsules.
If you still have questions about tinctures, Fairwinds products, ratios and dosing, please send them to [email protected] There are no stupid questions and we are always happy to help guide you in discovering what works best for you!
Understanding Flower-to-Oil Ratios for Your Cannabis Infusions
When most home cooks make cannabis edibles, they usually resort to guesswork for determining potency. That can be fine if you’re only making edibles for yourself, and you know your tolerance. But when you’re sharing with friends, you won’t want to freak them out with too much THC or put them to sleep with a heavy CBD dosage.
So, how do you calculate the potency of your infusions? Join us, and we’ll show you how to calculate accurate flower-to-oil ratios for your homemade edibles.
Calculating Flower-to-Oil Ratios
You’ll need to consider several variables when calculating flower to oil ratios for your edibles, including:
- how many grams of flower your using
- the potency of the flower
- the approximate infusion rate
- the amount of oil or butter
- the number of servings
The type of oil and the time infused makes a difference in the infusion rate. Unfortunately, there’s no way to know exactly what the infusion rate will be. For this article, we’ve chosen a relatively high infusion rate, but rates can range down to 60% or even lower.
The calculations that follow will give you an estimate of the potency of your edibles. However, if you want to know exactly how many milligrams of THC or CBD are in your infusions, you’ll have to send them to a lab or test them with an at-home cannabis potency tester .
Calculating the milligrams of THC or CBD in your cannabis
The first step in calculating your flower-to-oil ratio is to find out how many milligrams of cannabinoids are in your flower. You can convert the number of grams of cannabis to milligrams by multiplying it by 1000. Then, use the following equation to find out how many milligrams of THC or CBD are in your bud:
milligrams of cannabis x % of THC or CBD= total cannabinoids in milligrams
For example, let’s say you have 5 grams of flower, which equals 5000 mg. If your bud has 20% THC, you simply multiply 5000 by 20%, and you’ll get a total of 1000 milligrams of THC.
Finding out the amount of infused cannabinoids
Once you determine how much THC or CBD is in your flower, you’ll need to estimate how many milligrams will actually infuse into your oil. As we’ve mentioned before, the infusion rate varies according to the type of oil you use and how long you cook the mixture. For this article, we’ll use an 80% infusion rate. Here’s the math:
1000 mg THC x 80%= 800 milligrams of infused THC
Determining the total amount of cannabinoids in a batch of edibles
Here’s the equation you’ll need to find out how much CBD or THC is in your entire batch of edibles:
total infused cannabinoids divided by amount of infused oil you use in the recipe
If you initially infused two cups of oil and plan to use ¼ cup in your edibles, you’ll divide the total infused cannabinoids by eight. (You’re using an eighth of the total two cups of oil.) Here’s what the math looks like for our previous example:
800 mg infused THC divided by 8 = 100 mg of THC in your whole batch of edibles
Calculating the amount of cannabinoids per serving
This part is relatively straightforward. Let’s say you plan on making 10 servings:
100 mg total THC in the batch divided by 10 servings = 10 mg per serving
Now that you have the basic information you’ll need, let’s take a look at a few real-life scenarios for practice.
Scenario #1: CBD-Infused Dinner Party
Imagine that you’re planning a dinner party for four of your closest friends. Your meal plan includes CBD-infused gravy, and you want to make sure that each guest can have two portions. For this scenario, you’ll be working with the following variables:
- 7 grams of hemp flower with 16% CBD
- 4 sticks of butter (1 stick used in the gravy)
- 80% infusion rate
- 8 servings (4 guests x 2 portions)
You can calculate the approximate potency per serving in the following manner:
- Total cannabinoids in milligrams: 7 grams in milligrams equals 7000 mg. 7000 mg times 16% is 1120 milligrams of CBD in the hemp flower.
- Total infused CBD: 1120 mg x 80% = 896 total infused CBD
- Total cannabinoids in your gravy: 896 total infused CBD divided by 4 equals 224. (You’re using ¼ of your infused butter in your recipe.)
- Milligrams of CBD in each serving: 224 divided by 8 servings yields 28 mg of CBD per serving.
Maybe those seem like hefty servings, but we’re assuming your dinner guests are already experienced with CBD. If you wanted to reduce the potency of your gravy, you could simply use ½ stick of CBD-infused butter and ½ stick of regular butter, which would give you eight 14 mg servings of CBD gravy.
Scenario #2: Old-Fashioned Pot Brownies
In this scenario, you want to make two dozen brownies that you can share with friends and store in the freezer when you need a little pick-me-up. You plan to make them on the weak side so that you can enjoy a lighter buzz or eat two for a full-blown trip. Here are the variables you’re managing:
- 6 grams of cannabis with 18% THC
- 2 cups of coconut oil (½ cup used in brownie recipe)
- 80% infusion rate
- 24 brownies
Here’s the procedure for calculating the milligrams of THC per brownie:
- Total THC in milligrams: 6 grams equals 6000 milligrams. 6000 mg times 18% THC equals 1080 milligrams of THC.
- Total infused THC: 1080 mg multiplied by 80% is 864 mg of THC.
- Total THC in your batch of brownies: 864 mg divided by 4 equals 216 mg. (We’re using ¼ of our coconut oil.)
- Milligrams of THC in each brownie: 216 mg divided by 24 brownies is 9 milligrams of THC.
Now, you have 24 lightly dosed brownies you can feel confident sharing with friends or enjoying when you require a slight attitude adjustment.
As we’ve mentioned before, these calculations will only give you an approximation of the potency of your edibles since it’s impossible to pin down exact infusion rates. If you would like to know the precise amount of cannabinoids in your infusions, you may be interested in our at-home cannabis potency tester . tCheck works for all types of infusions, tinctures, and distillates . Our devices even include a convenient, onboard recipe calculator .
Understanding CBD:THC Ratios
Selecting quality cannabis products takes some time and careful consideration. Knowing what is in the products you choose is important. Knowing how much of each of those ingredients or components is in a product – not just the amount but also the ratio of one key ingredient to another – is also key to anticipating the potential effects that product may produce.
When we’re talking about cannabis products, the term “ratio” typically refers to the ratio of CBD to THC. These types of ratios can be expressed as CBD:THC (the amount of CBD versus THC).
As we discussed in “The Entourage or Ensemble Effect”, the relationship between THC and CBD is interesting because it is both complementary and antagonistic meaning they both work together in some ways, but in other ways, they work to modify the effects of the other.
Here are some examples of ratios and what those ratios could mean:
40:1 – 40 parts CBD to 1 part THC. This ratio contains a significantly higher amount of CBD that will impact the way the low amount of THC works overall. The focus of a product with this combination is on the benefits of CBD.
18:1 – 18 parts CBD to 1 part THC. With a higher CBD content compared to the THC content, this ratio is not overly psychoactive and can be a good starting point for someone new to CBD or THC.
8:1 – 8 parts CBD to 1 part THC which is more of a mid-range amount of CBD. Again, the CBD content dominates the THC content for a tempering effect that minimizes overt psychoactivity.
4:1 – 4 parts CBD to 1 part THC. This ratio still has a CBD content higher than the THC, which is in the mid-range, but the THC will produce some more pronounced psychoactive effects.
2:1 – 2 parts CBD to 1 part THC. There could be more overt psychoactivity depending on a person’s THC tolerance level since this ratio is a little more equal, with less CBD to temper the THC.
1:1 – 1 part CBD to 1 part THC. While this ratio looks the most balanced, it will actually produce more of an overall psychoactivity and may be better suited for a person with a higher tolerance to THC.
Picking the right ratio is an individual thing – no two people’s bodies or brains (or endocannabinoid systems) are alike. If a person is a novice, a reasonable place to start is at the ratio with the highest amount of CBD versus the THC content. Over time, easing into trying ratios with higher THC will, inevitably, produce different effects but how strong is to be determined person to person.