Does CBD actually work for muscle pain? We explore what the research says and whether topics or oral supplements are better. Incorporating cannabidiol, commonly known as CBD, with a therapeutic massage is a natural combination.
CBD for muscle pain: Topicals and pills can help, but research is limited
Does CBD actually work for muscle pain? We explore what the research says and whether topics or oral supplements are better.
It’s touted as a sleep aid , stress killer and even a performance enhancer, but one of the big selling points of CBD is pain relief . Many have turned to it when other remedies haven’t worked or in addition to them.
But what about using CBD post-workout to help your muscles recover and reduce soreness? It’s a different than the chronic pain that most turn to CBD for, but some research suggests it could help replace hot/cold creams and over the counter anti-inflammatory meds.
There are hundreds of CBD products to choose from — both oral and topical — and the type you choose might make all the difference for your aches and pains.
How topical CBD works for muscle soreness and pain
The promise is simple — slather on a cream or gel with CBD where it hurts to relieve pain. But whether or not they actually work is another story.
Topical CBD has only been minimally studied, says Stuart Titus, CEO of Medical Marijuana, Inc. “Generally, there are also herbs or other ‘skin-penetrating’ ingredients in the final formulation of topical CBD products,” Titus says. “Other ingredients such as arnica or menthol are added in order to make product claims such as pain relief.”
In many cases, Titus explains, the concentration of CBD is often low in topical products, and the soothing sensation you feel is a product of the other ingredients. It’s important for consumers to review not only the ingredients list, but also the certificate of analysis, which reveals the total concentration of different cannabinoids in a product.
A CoA shows the weight percentage of CBD and other cannabinoids, including THC, so only then can you interpret the amount of CBD per “serving” of topical application, Titus says. Make sure the CoA is done by an independent, third-party lab, too.
Is CBD the cure to nagging sore muscles?
That said, high-quality, potent topical CBD products are thought to offer temporary relief from pain and soreness. There’s a high concentration of cannabinoid receptors in the skin, and when CBD is applied topically, it activates the endocannabinoid system through those receptors. CBD binds to the cannabinoid receptors in your epidermal and dermal skin, a process that results in alleviation of pain and inflammation. The anti-inflammatory effect is also why topical CBD is an effective treatment for some skin disorders.
Topical CBD only works where you use it — applying CBD cream to your legs when your abs are sore won’t do you any good. This can be a benefit or a drawback depending on your situation. For example, if you tend to experience full-body soreness, you’d have to use a lot of CBD cream for relief and that can get tedious and expensive.
Just remember, human skin is incredibly absorptive and it’ll absorb more than just the CBD in topical creams, gels and oils. Check the ingredients label to make sure you’re not applying something you’re allergic to or something that, if absorbed, can interact with medications. If you’re unsure, talk to your doctor.
How oral CBD works for muscle soreness and pain
While topical CBD only offers localized relief, oral CBD should have a systemic effect if the product is potent and reliable, Titus says. Oral CBD works just the same as topical CBD, but on a much larger scale, because it enters your bloodstream and can reach cannabinoid receptors throughout your entire body.
Oral CBD is believed to have strong anti-inflammatory effects, and as inflammation is the root of most pain, it makes perfect sense that ingesting CBD could offer relief from inflammation-related pain, including muscle aches and joint pain.
Keep in mind that the majority of studies on the effects of CBD on soreness and pain to date have been small-scale; most large studies have been conducted on animals, and those results may not translate to humans. There’s a long way to go until all the effects of CBD — taken orally or applied topically — are confirmed.
It’s also worth knowing that the Food and Drug Administration has yet to approve CBD as a food additive or dietary supplement. The agency has concerns about the safety of ingested CBD due to the lack of large-scale, long-term studies in humans, and has concluded that there isn’t enough evidence to declare CBD safe to consume. Regardless, oral CBD is widely available and legal in many states. Talk to a health professional about oral CBD if you’re interested in using it for muscle soreness or any other type of pain.
Should you use topical or oral CBD for soreness?
Whether you should use topical or oral CBD for pain and soreness depends on the source and intensity of your pain. Based on the above research and comments from Medical Marijuana’s Titus, here’s a look at common uses of CBD and which type will best help.
CBD for post-workout muscle soreness: A high-quality topical CBD should help treat temporary muscle soreness from workouts, Titus says. One recent study found that oral CBD can also reduce muscle soreness when taken immediately after a workout.
CBD for chronic muscle pain: Topical CBD can help during flare-ups, but you’re better off taking oral CBD for systemic pain. A combination can be especially helpful, Titus says. Ingesting CBD helps relieve pain from the inside out, while applying topical cream can quiet particularly tender areas.
CBD for joint pain: Topical CBD likely won’t reach cannabinoid receptors in your joints no matter how potent. Oral CBD is more likely to help people with pain from arthritis and other joint conditions. People with pain from fibromyalgia will also benefit more from ingestible CBD, Titus says.
CBD for general muscle tightness and tension: For general muscle tightness (such as tension in the neck from a long day at your desk), high-quality topical CBD can offer much-needed temporary relief.
Overall, the effectiveness of CBD varies depending on the product, the intended use and the person. Some people find CBD helpful while others don’t notice much of an effect, whether they take it orally or apply it topically. It might take a lot of research and experimentation until you find a CBD product that works for you.
Other ways to treat muscle soreness and pain
If you’re not ready to hop on the CBD bandwagon, try these other methods for relieving sore and tight muscles :
- Compression therapy
- Far-infrared therapy
- Percussive therapy
- Foam rolling
- Heat therapy
The information contained in this article is for educational and informational purposes only and is not intended as health or medical advice. Always consult a physician or other qualified health provider regarding any questions you may have about a medical condition or health objectives.
Massage therapy with CBD oil brings pain relief
Incorporating cannabidiol, commonly known as CBD, with a therapeutic massage is a natural combination. The properties found in CBD provide relief to those experiencing pain and muscle tension.
What exactly is CBD?
CBD is extracted from the cannabis plant but does not contain the psychoactive drug THC (tetrahydrocannabinol). It has no narcotic effects, and it should not be confused with marijuana. CBD products are sold in a variety of forms, including massage oils.
When combined with therapeutic massage, clients report that they feel even more relaxed than with a massage that incorporates traditional oils and lotions. Studies show that when applied topically, CBD decreases inflammation and pain.
CBD oil works much like regular massage oil. CBD is mixed with a carrier oil – the oil that is used to lubricate the skin. Not only does CBD relax the body during a massage, people report they feel more relaxed throughout the day and often into the nighttime.
Pain management and reduction of chronic pain
The result for anyone living with pain from arthritis or sports-related injuries is an improved state of being. Adding CBD to a massage can helps the body relax, recover and release tension. These massage oils can ease sore muscles — even the ones that feel stiff and uncomfortable during the massage itself.
It also can be used as part of pain management. Those who suffer from chronic pain, such as back or knee pain, report experiencing relief when CBD oil is used with their therapeutic massage. Runners, swimmers and many other athletes can benefit from CBD massage, because CBD can ease sore and tense muscles.
At Massage Concepts, CBD oil and CBD ointment are applied during a wide variety of therapeutic massage modalities. CBD oil is used for full body massage, and the ointment is applied to local areas for targeted pain relief. For example, CBD oil and ointment are used during a foot reflexology session to help resolve pain of the knee, ankle and foot.
The reason that the cannabis massage is such an effective method for dealing with chronic pain is because it decreases inflammation, increases blood flow throughout the affected areas and soothes tension in muscles that is associated with chronic pain. In addition to how it affects the body, CBD leaves an overall feeling of relaxation and less stress.
THC is not found in the CBD Clinic brand products used at Massage Concepts. This product line was specifically chosen for its safety. Be sure to ask your massage salon if its CBD products carry a small amount THC, because there are some brands that do.
Before using CBD oil with massage, it is best to consult your physician. Also, rub a small amount of the oil on a patch on your skin to make sure you do not have an allergic reaction to the CBD or the carrier oil.