Planning to go to the CBD route? Can CBD overdose in dogs be fatal? With proper dosage, your pup can live a happy and healthy life. Medically speaking, you can’t give your dog too much CBD. Of course, there are exceptions to every rule but an overdose won't be lethal.
CBD Overdose in Dogs: Can CBD Oil Harm My Dog?
Are you still unsure about giving CBD to your dogs? Are you afraid of CBD overdose in dogs? We get it. There are still many uncertainties to CBD due to a lack of studies.
However, a growing number of pet parents are now enthusiastic about CBD due to the positive side effects they see on their pups. CBD side effects will differ depending upon the dosage you administer.
To help lessen your doubts and fears, let’s tackle if CBD or too much CBD intake can harm dogs. With the proper dosage, CBD for dogs can have significant benefits for your dogs.
Dog Overdose vs. Dog Toxicity
Confused between overdosing and toxicity. Toxicity comes from an unsafe substance that is considered toxic to your pet. Overdosing happens when given too much of a safe substance.
In overdose, the dog’s metabolism can’t quickly detoxify the substance, and this causes specific side effects. Toxicity or poisoning is when a dog has ingested a drug that carries toxic potential. Toxicity can come from THC, human medication, food, or plants.
What is CBD?
CBD or Cannabidiol is a compound found in hemp plants. Of more than 80 cannabinoids, CBD and Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) are the two main cannabinoids found in cannabis products.
CBD vs. THC
The main difference between THC from CBD is that THC is a psychoactive compound responsible for getting people ‘high’. At the same time, CBD has a lot of great benefits for us humans and even our dogs.
How does CBD work in a dog’s body?
Like humans, dogs have the Endocannabinoid System. The ECS helps regulate the many bodily functions like pain, inflammation, metabolism, mood, immune function, and more.
When CBD enters a dog’s body, the CBD stimulates the Endocannabinoid System’s receptors called CB1 and CB2 by releasing endocannabinoids.
These endocannabinoids help the dog’s body to be calm and balanced. If the body is not producing enough endocannabinoids, it can result in depression or sad behaviors.
Can CBD Overdose Kill or Harm My Dog?
Let’s settle this here; NO CBD will not kill your dog. But dogs can overdose on CBD and can have harmful side effects too.
To help avoid these issues, you have the responsibility to know the correct dosage that your dog needs. You also have to research and understand the ingredients of the CBD product you’re about to give.
Always check if the CBD product contains THC. Less than 0.3% THC is only allowed in CBD for pets as it can be toxic to our dogs.
CBD products come in different forms, like oil, treats, and cream. We highly suggest you look for the Certificate of Analysis or COA on every CBD product that you’ll buy.
The Certificate of Analysis tells you the chemicals and ingredients in the product. Knowing all components, you can avoid potentially harmful ingredients for your dogs (e.g., allergies).
CBD Overdose Side effects
You might have heard the saying, “too much of something good is bad.” Well, that can also apply in taking CBDs.
Your dogs can potentially experience harmful side effects when given the incorrect dosage of CBD. A common side effect of CBD overdose is lethargy. Your dog might lack energy after too much intake of CBD.
Many people believe that the cause of this is the impurity of CBD on the products.
CBD might not be toxic because it doesn’t have a psychoactive compound. It can still have possible side effects when overdosed. Here are a few potential side effects of CBD overdose in dogs:
- Lethargy or Lack of Energy all of a sudden
- Urinary Incontinence
- Overwhelming Sensations
- Excessive Drooling
CBD Dosage for Dogs
CBD oils have different concentrations. That’s why it’s essential to check the box first. The correct CBD dosage for dogs depends on the dog’s weight. A good rule of thumb is to start with 1-2mg per 10 pounds.
It usually takes about 30-45 mins after the intake to take effect. So if your dog is experiencing motion sickness or anxiety on road trips, give CBD oil 30 minutes before you’re planning to go.
Furthermore, if it is your first time giving CBD, remember to monitor your dogs for possible side effects so that you can adjust the dosage next time.
Is it safe to give your dog CBD every day?
This will depend on the dogs and the reasons they are taking it. Recent studies suggest that dogs that suffer from arthritis or seizures can benefit from taking 2-8mg/kg or lower twice per day, with an 8-12 hours interval.
Is CBD Addictive to Dogs?
There is no evidence that CBD can be addictive to dogs. However, even though CBD is a natural supplement with significant benefits, we should always choose the best quality products for our dogs.
Frequently Asked Questions about CBD for Dogs
Can I use Human CBD for dogs?
There are significant differences between human CBD and CBD for dogs. There are differences in concentration, potency, and even flavors.
Human CBD can have flavors that are toxic to our dogs. Chocolate and Xylitol are examples of this. These flavors are known toxins to dogs.
Do vets recommend CBD for dogs?
Since the Food and Drug Administration doesn’t regulate CBD products for animal use, vets are hesitant to prescribe CBD for dogs. Most US veterinary boards advise vets to avoid discussing or defining CBD until the FDA approves it.
However, that doesn’t mean you can’t buy CBD for your dogs. You can legally purchase hemp-derived CBD for dogs if you’re 21 years old and above.
How long does CBD stay in a dog’s body?
CBD effects can stay on your dog’s body for about 24 hours. But it will also depend on the dosage you give them and the physiology of the individual dog.
It will also depend on the reason why you are using CBD. For example, if your dog is experiencing health issue symptoms, they might need more or less dosage of CBD.
When discussing the longevity of CBD in the dog’s body, we’re talking about the CBD’s “half-life.” Half-life is the amount of time for the concentration of the CBD to decrease by half of the amount you gave it.
For example, suppose your dog is experiencing separation anxiety, and you have given them in the morning by the end of the day. In that case, the CBD side effects inside their body might not be enough for the comfort that they need in the evening.
CBD Overdose in Dogs Final Thoughts
As we discover the world of CBD for dogs, we can’t help but wonder about the possible side effects due to the lack of studies in this field. CBD overdose in dogs could happen, but the side effects will not be fatal.
CBD overdose potential side effects include excessive drooling, vomiting, lethargy, and urinary incontinence. As a responsible owner, you have the responsibility to know the ingredients and chemicals present in the CBD product that you’re giving your dog.
THC is a big no-no in CBD for dogs. Only 0.3% or lower is allowed on CBD products for pets. It is also your job to know these CBD effects and monitor your dogs to make adjustments for the next dosage.
CBD overdose will not kill your dogs. It is not even addictive.
Moreover, the amount of benefits your dogs can get from CBD triumphs all of these possible side effects. CBD can help your pup live a long and healthy life with proper dosage.
Can I give my dog too much CBD oil? Overdosing canine CBD
While there are exceptions to every rule, cannabidiol (CBD) doesn’t interact with receptors in the brainstem, or areas controlling respiration. This means that lethal overdoses from cannabis, especially CBD extracts, are statistically nil.
At the same time, dogs can only absorb so much CBD, so giving them too much will be a waste.
Even in extremely large doses, pure CBD is unlikely to cause any serious symptoms.
According to a 2018 critical review report by the World Health Organization, any negative effects from large doses of CBD are likely to top-out in extreme drowsiness, lethargy, upset stomach, and in some cases, diarrhea.
Another WHO study on CBD in both humans and animals found “no effect on a wide range of physiological and biochemical parameters or significant effects on animal behavior unless extremely high doses are administered…in excess of 30 mg per kg of body weight given orally daily for 90 days.”
From your dog’s perspective, however, the answer is likely, yes—they do have an upper tolerance for CBD dosage.
Beyond a certain level, dogs may begin to feel sluggish, sleepy, nauseous, and generally off-color.
So while too much CBD isn’t going to hurt your pet in the same way that too many painkillers might, it’s important to start low, go slowly when increasing your dose, and work up to a CBD dosage that most benefits your pet’s quality of life.
That’s the most important piece of information in this article, so feel free to stop here!
But before you go, here’s a question for you: What’s the motivation behind your search query?
Is your pup currently taking CBD oil? Or are you looking for the best CBD oil for dogs and wondering whether this new product is really as safe as people are claiming?
If you’re querying the upper limits of CBD dosing, it’s likely you’ll benefit from some info on exactly how CBD functions inside the body at high concentrations, as well as advice on dosing practices according to size, breed, and intended use. So, here’s a bunch of content on both of those topics!
What happens when your dog takes (loads of) CBD?
Say your dog gets into the CBD treats while you were at work, and scoffs the whole lot at once—what would happen? Here’s how huge intakes of CBD have been known to affect the body’s biology, as well as people’s subjective experiences.
While studies on CBD’s effects on humans and dogs are still being consolidated, researchers generally agree that cannabidiol is a highly safe substance at almost any concentration. CBD interacts with dogs through the endocannabinoid system, a series of receptors found throughout the body that deals in cannabinoids—molecules found in CBD and produced naturally, which affect bodily homeostasis, reduce inflammation, and induce relaxation.
The exact manner in which CBD interacts with endocannabinoid receptors is still unknown, though some believe CBD inhibits the degradation of a natural cannabinoid called anandamide. Others point to antioxidizing properties or an as yet unknown set of cannabinoid receptors.
However, we know CBD functions molecularly, flooding the body with cannabidiol is unlikely to affect the endocannabinoid system. When amounts of CBD exceed usable levels, the compound is simply flushed from the body, causing some of the mildly unpleasant symptoms listed in the next section.
What your dog is likely to experience
First up, there are few (and minor) side effects for dogs taking CBD oil. Obviously, eating a whole bag of treats or a bottle of oil is not a recipe for a happy stomach, so your dog is likely to feel pretty ill from ingesting large amounts of CBD all at once, especially at the beginning of a CBD regimen.
Aside from that, CBD is a non-toxic, non-psychoactive cannabis derivative, meaning it’s not going to produce any kind of upsetting high or psychedelic effect. Nevertheless, at intense concentrations, CBD may produce some unwanted reactions. If your dog does develop symptoms, they’re likely to include:
- Urinary incontinence
- Ataxia (coordination issues / drunkenness)
- Hyperesthesia (hyper-sensitivity / overwhelming sensations)
Given the current research on CBD’s astronomical upper toxicity limits, many believe these symptoms actually derive from impurities in CBD products, rather than the CBD itself. Another possibility for these symptoms could be an intolerance to the carrier oil used with the CBD – MCT oil, for example, can cause temporary gastrointestinal issues in some.
For now, CBD remains a federally unapproved ingredient in pet products, meaning there’s little oversight of its production. So, careful purchasing choices are essential in making sure no unwanted or potentially harmful ingredients have been used in the production of your dog’s CBD.
Read – Top 10 CBD Oils for Dogs (tested & safe for dogs)
Again, serious cases of these symptoms are unlikely, but the ASPCA’s Animal Poison Control Center has reported an increase in calls about CBD and other cannabis consumption by dogs. If your dog is showing any signs of illness following an overly large dose of CBD, always take them immediately to the vet. They may require IV fluids, antiemetics, or specialist nursing care.
Is there such a thing as a CBD overdose?
Talking to VICE, Joshua Kaplan, a cannabis neuroscientist at the University of Washington says that CBD dosing can be highly specific. “At the dose that’s required to treat epilepsy, you often lose [CBD’s] effects at treating anxiety or depression.”
So while there may not be such a thing as a clinically defined ‘CBD overdose’, there definitely is such as thing as taking too much CBD for your intended purpose. When it comes to cannabidiol, it’s definitely not ‘the more, the better’ route.
Other derivates of the cannabis plant can be toxic to dogs. THC (marijuana’s main psychoactive component) should never be given to dogs, as even small doses may cause feelings of confusion, anxiety, or paranoia. So while CBD by itself is safe and well-tolerated, be sure that your CBD products contain very low (ideally zero) amounts of THC.
**CBD Tip** When shopping for zero THC CBD oils, look for the word ‘isolate’ which will let you know that that product is simply CBD that has been isolated from the cannabis plant.